The disease process of diabetes mellitus occurs when the body cannot make enough insulin on it’s own. This disease process of DM is referred to as Type 1 diabetes. Another type of diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as Type 2 diabetes has a different disease process. The disease process of diabetes mellitus type 2 occurs when the body is unable to use the insulin that is being made. In both types of diabetes, patients experience episodes of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).  The Type 1 diabetes disease process begins when the body’s immune system mounts an attack and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas. The beta cells are responsible for making insulin for the body, which helps to stabilize and maintain blood sugar levels within the body.

A diagnosis of either types of diabetes mellitus can be life changing for many. It is important to follow your doctors orders strictly to maintain good care and management of your diabetes. The disease process of diabetes also can have some damaging side effects or complications. If you are not careful in maintaining good control of your blood sugar levels you can suffer from severe complications associated with diabetes. These complications include heart disease, stroke, diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy (eye disease), foot problems, nerve damage, and kidney disease.


The disease process of diabetes is not always easy to detect


Being diagnosed with diabetes can sometimes happen years after the initial disease process of diabetes mellitus has occurred.  Those with Type 2 diabetes can sometimes go a few years before they begin to notice any significant symptoms. However Type 1 diabetes symptoms usually come on sudden, and mimic an illness or virus. It is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of diabetes so you are better prepared and can detect it earlier in the disease process of DM.  Those signs and symptoms include extreme thirst, increased urination, vision changes, an increase in appetite, sudden and severe weight loss, labored breathing, unconsciousness, fruit like odor from breath, infections that are slow to heal, and trouble with skin, bladder or gum infections. Diabetes can take a toll on a person’s body, that is why it is important to maintain proper management and care. The disease process of Diabetes Mellitus can take a long time to manifest or can come on sudden depending on which type of diabetes you are diagnosed with.